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Let’s get started.  


A syllabus (/ˈsɪləbəs/; plural syllabuses or syllabi) or specification is a document that communicates information about a specific academic course or class and defines expectations and responsibilities. It is generally an overview or summary of the curriculum. A syllabus may be set out by an examination board or prepared by the tutor or instructor who teaches or controls the course. In the case of Economics jamb syllabus, it is an official document containing outlines of relevant topic as mark out by Jamb (link) to aid student preparation for the unified tertiary matriculation examination simply known as UTME.


Easy Combat: Economics  Jamb syllabus contains RELEVANT AND HOT TOPICS to help you combat conundrum question you will found on your system in the Exam Hall, and believe me sincerely jamb examiners are very technical, logical and … when it comes to setting question.

Familiarizing yourself with the Economics jamb syllabus is a sure bet to scoring high in jamb.

Studying the syllabus thoroughly before exam gives you the confidence that you are studying the right thing the right way at the very right time.

HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF THIS COURSE.                                                               

1.      Read from cover to cover, from topic to topic

2.     Create a study schedule.

3.      Attend jamb tutorials.

4.     Brainstorm with friends

5.     Have a positive mentality that you will come out in flying colours


The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination syllabus in Economics is to prepare aspirant of various higher institution in Nigeria whether university, polytechnics, monotechnics & colleges of education for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives,

Which are to:

1. Demonstrate sufficient knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts, tools and their general applications to economic analysis;

2. Identify and explain the basic structures, operations and roles of the various economic units and institutions (national and international);

3. Describe major economic activities – production, distribution and consumption;

4. Identify and appraise the basic and current economic problems of society;

5. Develop the competence to proffer solutions to economic problems identified.


 1. Economics as a science

a. Basic Concepts:

Wants, Scarcity, choice, scale of preference, opportunity cost, Rationality, production, distribution, consumption.

bi. Economic problems of:

What, how and for whom to produce and efficiency of resource use.

bii. Application of PPF to solution of economic problems.


2. Economic Systems

a. Types and characteristics of free enterprise, centrally planned and mixed economies

b. Solutions to economic problems under different systems

c. Contemporary issues in economic systems (economic reforms e.g deregulation, banking sector consolidation, cash policy reform).


3. Methods and Tools of Economic Analysis

a. Scientific Approach:

i. inductive and deductive methods

ii. positive and normative reasoning

b. Basic Tools

i. tables, charts and graphs

ii. measures of central tendency: mean, median and mode, and their applications.

iii. measures of dispersion; variance, standard deviation, range and their applications;

iv. merits and demerits of the tools.


4. The Theory of Demand

a. i. meaning and determinants of demand

ii. demand schedules and curves

iii. the distinction between change in quantity demanded and change in demand.

b. Types of demand:Composite, derived, competitive and joint demand:

c. Types, nature and determinants of elasticity and their measurement - price, income and cross elasticity of demand:

d. Importance of elasticity of demand to consumers, producers and government.


5. The Theory of Consumer Behaviour

a. Basic Concepts:

i. utility (cardinal, ordinal, total average and marginal utilities)

ii. indifference curve and budget line.

b. Diminishing marginal utility and the law of demand.

c. Consumer equilibrium using the indifference curve and marginal analyses.

d. Effects of shift in the budget line and the indifference curve.

e. Consumer surplus and its applications.


6. The Theory of Supply

a. i. Meaning and determinants of  supply

ii. Supply schedules and supply curves

iii. the distinction between change in quantity supplied and change in supply

b. Types of Supply:

 Joint/complementary, competitive and composite

c. Elasticity of Supply:

determinants, measurements, nature and applications

7. The Theory of Price Determination

a. The concepts of market and price

b. Functions of the price system

c. i. Equilibrium price and quantity in product and factor markets

ii. Price legislation and its effects

d. The effects of changes in supply and demand on equilibrium price and quantity.

8. The Theory of Production

a. Meaning and types of production

b. Concepts of production and their interrelationships (TP, AP, MP and the law of variable proportion).

c. Division of labour and specialization

d. Scale of Production: Internal and external economies of scale and their implications.

e. Production functions and returns to scale

f. Producers’ equilibrium isoquant-isocost and marginal analyses.

g. Factors affecting productivity.

9. Theory of Costs and Revenue

a. The concepts of cost:

Fixed, Variable, Total Average and Marginal

b. The concepts of revenue: Total, average and marginal revenue;

c. Accountants’ and Economists’ notions of cost

d. Short-run and long-run costs

e. The marginal cost and the supply curve of firm.

10. Market Structures

a. Perfectly competitive market:

i. Assumptions and characteristics;

ii. Short-run and long-run equilibrium of a perfect competitor;

b. Imperfect Market:

i. Pure monopoly, discriminatory monopoly and monopolistic competition.

ii. Short-run and long-run equilibrium positions.

c. Break-even/shut-down analysis in the various markets.

11. National Income

a. The Concepts of GNP, GDP, NI, NNP

b. National Income measurements and their problems

c. Uses and limitations of national income estimates

d. The circular flow of income (two and three-sector models)

e. The concepts of consumption, investment and savings

f. The multiplier and it effects

g. Elementary theory of income determination and equilibrium national income.

12. Money and Inflation

a. Types, characteristics and functions of money

b. Demand for money and the supply of money

c. Quantity Theory of money (Fisher equation)

d. The value of money and the price level

e. Inflation: Types, measurements, effects and control

f. Deflation: Measurements, effects and control.


13. Financial Institutions

a. Types and functions of financial institutions (traditional, central bank, mortgage banks, merchant banks insurance companies, building societies);

b. The role of financial institutions in economic development;

c. Money and capital markets

d. Financial sector regulations

e. Deposit money banks and the creation of money

f. Monetary policy and its instruments

g. Challenges facing financial institutions in Nigeria.


14. Public Finance

a. Meaning and objectives

b. Fiscal policy and its instruments

c. Sources of government revenue (taxes royalties, rents, grants and aids)

d. Principles of taxation

e. Tax incidence and its effects

f. The effects of public expenditure

g. Government budget and public debts

h. Revenue allocation and resource control in Nigeria.


15. Economic Growth and Development

a. Meaning and scope

b. Indicators of growth and development

c. Factors affecting growth and development

d. Problems of development in Nigeria

e. Development planning in Nigeria.

16. Agriculture in Nigeria

a. Types and features;

b. The role of agriculture in economic development;

c. Problems of agriculture;

d. Effects of agricultural policies and their effects;

e. Instability in agricultural incomes (causes, effects and solutions).


17. Industry and Industrialization

a. Concepts and effects of location and localization of industry in Nigeria;

b. Strategies and Industrialization in Nigeria;

c. Industrialization and economic development in Nigeria;

d. Funding and management of business organization;

e. Factors determining the size of firms.


18. Natural Resources and the Nigerian Economy

a. Development of major natural resources (petroleum, gold, diamond, timber etc);

b. Contributions of the oil and the non-oil sectors to the Nigerian economy;

c. Linkage effects;

d. Upstream/downstream of the oil sector;

e. The role of NNPC and OPEC in the oil sector;

f. Challenges facing natural resources exploitation.


19. Business Organizations

a. Private enterprises (e.g. soleproprietorship, partnership, limited liability companies and cooperative societies)

b. Problems of private enterprises;

c. Public enterprises and their problems;

d. Funding and management of business organizations;

e. Factors determining the size of firms;

f. Privatization and Commercialization as solutions to the problems of public enterprises.


20. Population

a. Meaning and theories;

b. Census: importance and problems.

c. Size and growth: over-population, underpopulation and optimum population.

d. Structure and distribution;

e. Population policy and economic development.


21. International Trade

a. Meaning and basis for international trade (absolute and comparative costs etc)

b. Balance of trade and balance of payments: problems and corrective measures;

c. Composition and direction of Nigeria’s foreign trade;

d. Exchange rate: meaning, types and determination.


22. International Economic Organizations

Roles and relevance of international organization e.g. ECOWAS, AU, EU, ECA, IMF, EEC, OECD, World Bank, IBRD, WTO, ADB and UNCTAD etc to Nigeria.


23. Factors of Production and their Theories

a. Types, features and rewards;

b. Determination of wages, interest and profits;

c. Theories: marginal productivity theory of wages and liquidity preference theory;

d. Factor mobility and efficiency;

e. Unemployment and its solutions


Aderinto, A.A et al (1996) Economics: Exam Focus, Ibadan: University Press Plc. Black,

J. (1997) Oxford Dictionary of Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Eyiyere, D.O. (1980) Economics Made Easy, Benin City, Quality Publishers Ltd.

Fajana, F et al (1999) Countdown to SSCE/JME Economics Ibadan: Evans

Falodun, A.B. et al (1997) Round-up Economics, Lagos: Longman

Kountsoyiannis, A. (1979) Modern Microeconomics, London: Macmillan

Lipsey, R.G. (1997) An Introduction to Positive Economics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Samuelson, P and Nordhaus, W. (1989) Economics, Singapore: McGraw-Hill

Udu E and Agu G.A. (2005) New System Economics: a Senior Secondary Course, Ibadan: Africana FIRST Publishers Ltd.

Wannacott and Wannacott (1979) Economics, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Brownson-oton Richard (2010) What is Micro-Economics? Niky Printing and Publishing coy.

Brownson-oton Richard (2010) What is Macro-Economics? Niky Printing and Publishing coy.




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