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A syllabus (/ˈsɪləbəs/; plural syllabuses or syllabi) or specification is a document that communicates information about a specific academic course or class and defines expectations and responsibilities. It is generally an overview or summary of the curriculum. A syllabus may be set out by an examination board or prepared by the tutor or instructor who teaches or controls the course. In the case of jamb agriculture syllabus, it is an official document containing outlines of relevant topic as mark out by Jamb (link) to aid student preparation for the unified tertiary matriculation examination simply known as UTME.


Easy Combat: Jamb agriculture contains RELEVANT AND HOT TOPICS to help you combat conundrum question you will found on your system in the Exam Hall, and believe me sincerely jamb examiners are very technical, logical and … when it comes to setting question.

Familiarizing yourself with the jamb agricultural syllabus is a sure bet to scoring high in jamb.

Study the syllabus thoroughly gives you the confidence that you are studying the right thing the right way at the very right time.

HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF THIS COURSE.                                        

1.   Read from cover to cover, from topic to topic

2.   Create a study schedule.

3.   Attend jamb tutorials.

4.   Brainstorm with friends

5.   Have a positive mentality that you will come out in flying colours


The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination syllabus in Agriculture is to prepare aspirant of various higher institution in Nigeria whether university, polytechnics, monotechnic & colleges of education for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives,

which are to:

1. stimulate and sustain their interest in Agriculture;

2. acquire basic knowledge and practical skills in Agriculture;

3. acquire the knowledge of interpretation and the use of data;

4. stimulate their ability to make deductions using the acquired knowledge in Agriculture.


The syllabus is divided into five sections as given below:

A.General Agriculture

1. Meaning and Scope of Agriculture

          a. Definition of Agriculture

          b. Branches of Agriculture

          c. Types of Agriculture i.e subsistence and commercial

2. Importance of Agriculture

          i. Provision of raw materials for agroallied industries

          ii. Provision of employment

          iii. Development of rural areas, etc.

3. Agricultural Ecology

          a. Ecological zones of West Africa

          b. Agricultural products of each ecologicalzone

          c. Environmental factors and their effects on crop and livestock production

4. Genetics

          a. First and second laws of Mendel

          b. Cell division

          c. Terminologies e.g. locus, alleles, genotype, dominance

5. Farm Inputs e.g. planting materials, agrochemicals, etc.
6. History of Agricultural Development in West Africa

          a. Agricultural systems e.g. shifting cultivation, bush fallowing, etc.

          b. Problems of Agricultural development e.g. land tenure systems, inadequate infrastructures, finance for agriculture, pollution, etc.

          c. Establishment of national research institutes e.g. NCRI, IAR, IAR&T, CRIN, NIFOR, FRIN, RRI, NRCRI, NIHORT, LCRI, etc. and international research institutes e.g. IITA, ILRI,     ICRISAT, WARDA, etc., leading to increased application of science to the development of agriculture.

          d. Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) e.g. RTEP, FADAMA etC. National agricultural programmes such as OFN, NAFPP, NALDA, Green Revolution, NCRPs, NARP, Project Coordinating Unit (PCU) etc.

7. Roles of Government and NGOs in Agricultural Development

          a. Development of fiscal policies favourable to agricultural production e.g., import duties, ban on importation, e.t.c.

          b. Agricultural laws and reforms e.g Land Use Act.

          c. Government programmes aimed at agricultural development e.g. subsidies, credit facilities, e.t.c.

          d. Provision of infrastructures e.g. transport systems, communication systems, e.t.c.

          e. Contribution of NGOs to agricultural development

B. Agronomy

1. Rocks and Soil formation

a. Factors affecting rock weathering and soil formation

b. Physical properties of soil

i. Soil profile

ii. Soil texture and structure

c. Chemical properties of soil

i. Soil acidity and alkalinity

ii. Chemical components of soil e.g. silicate

2. Soil Water and Soil Conservation

a. Soil water: its importance, sources, movement, management and conservation.

b. Soil conservation: meaning and importance, causes, effects, prevention and control of leaching, erosion, continuous cropping, burning and oxidation of organic matter.

c. Irrigation and drainage methods.

3. Soil Fertility

a. Macro and micro-nutrients and their roles in plant nutrition: carbon, water and nitrogen cycles

b. The living population of the soil (flora and fauna), and their roles in soil fertility

c. Maintenance of soil fertility: Methods of maintaining soil fertility e.g. use of cover crops, application of organic manures, etc.

d. Nutrient deficiency symptoms e.g. chlorosis, sickle leaves, stunting, apical necrosis etc.

4. Land Preparation and Soil Tillage

a. Principles and practices of land preparation and soil tillage

b. Factors affecting choice of tillage methods: Zero tillage, minimum tillage, etc.

5. Plant Forms and Functions

a. Parts of monocot and dicot crop plants and their functions

b. The anatomy and morphology of the storage organs of common crop plants

6. Growth, Development and Reproduction

a. Gametogenesis

b. Pollination

c. Fertilization

d. Embryo formation and development

7. Plant Propagation Methods

a. Sexual: the use of seeds, seed viability, viability test, seed rate and seed germination

b. Asexual (vegetative propagation) e.g. cutting, budding, grafting, layering, e.t.c.

c. Nursery and nursery management

8. Cropping Systems, Planting Patterns and Plant Densities

a. Cropping systems: Monocropping, mixed-, multiple-, inter-, relay-, stripand rotational cropping

b. Planting patterns:Broadcasting, row spacing and drilling

c. Plant densities: single, double and multiple stands

9. Crop Husbandry

Common and scientific names, gross morphology, anatomy of storage organs, methods of propagation, husbandry practices, harvesting, processing and storage, common diseases and pests, economic importance of the following groups of crops.

Group 1: Cereals e.g maize, guinea corn, rice

Group 2: Legumes e.g. cowpea, groundnut, soyabean

Group 3: Tubers e.g. yam, cassava, sweet potatoes

Group 4: Vegetables and Spices e.g.tomatoes, egg plant, pepper, onions, okra, cabbage, Amaranthus sp.

Group 5: Fruits e.g. citrus, pineapple, pawpaw

Group 6: Beverages e.g. cocoa, kola, coffee

Group 7: Oils e.g. oil palm, coconut, sheabutter

Group 8: Latex e.g. para rubber, gum arabic

Group 9: Fibres e.g jute, cotton, sisal hemp

Group 10: Sugars e.g sugarcane, beet


10. Pasture and Forage Crops

a. Study of gross morphology, methods of propagation and husbandry of common pasture grasses and legumes. Establishment, maintenance, conservation and uses of pastures and forage crops.

b. Study of natural grasslands and their distribution in West Africa

c. Range management

11. Floriculture Identification, establishment, maintenance and uses of ornamental trees, shrubs and flowers
12. Weeds

a. Gross morphology, methods of reproduction, dispersal and effect of weeds

b. Weed control methods – weeding, mulching, cover cropping, tillage, herbicides and trap cropping

13. Crop Diseases

a. Identification of disease–causing organisms both in store and in the field.

b. A simple account of diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, nematodes and viruses; the nature of the damage, methods of transmission and common methods of control.

c. Side effects of application of preventive and control methods e.g pollution, poisoning and distribution of ecosystem.

14. Crop Pests

a. General account of pests of agricultural plants both in the field and in the store, their types, importance, principles and methods of prevention and control

b. Life cycles of: biting insects e.g. grasshopper; boring insects e.g. weevils; sucking insects e.g. aphids and cotton strainer.

c. Common pesticides and their side effects

15. Forest Management (Silviculture)

a. Importance: Source of wood, pulp, fibre and other forest products

b. Conservation: regulation, exploitation, regeneration, afforestation, agro-forestry and taungya system

16. Crop improvement

Methods of crop improvement e.g. introduction, selection, crossing, quarantine e.t.c.

C. Animal Production

1. Forms and classification of major farm animals in West Africa

a. Species, breeds and distribution

b. External features of cattle, sheep, goat, pigs, rabbits and poultry

2. General terminology in animal

production Common terms used in animal husbandry, e.g. calving, kidding, castrate, capon, veal, mutton, e.t.c.

3. Anatomy and physiology of farm animals

a. Functions of tissues and organs of farm animals

b. Animal body systems e.g. digestive (ruminants and non-ruminants), reproductive, respiratory, urinary (excretory) and nervous systems.

c. Effect of environmental changes on physiological development of farm animals e.g climate change

4. Reproduction in farm animals

a. Gametogenesis, oestrus cycle, signs of heat and heat periods, secondary sexual characters, gestation periods, parturition and the role of hormones in reproduction.

b. Development, nourishment and birth of the young. Mammary glands and lactation in farm animals.

c. Egg formation, incubation and hatching in poultry.

5. Animal nutrition

a. Feed nutrients and functions

b. Feeds and feeding: Simple ration formulation – balanced ration, common pasture/forage crops e.g. guinea grass, elephant grass, giant star grass. Andropogon sp, Calopogonium sp. Hay and silage preparation, different types of rations, namely maintenance ration and production ration.

c. Nutrient deficiencies: Causes and symptoms of malnutrition and their correction in farm animals.

6. Livestock management- Housing, feeding, sanitation and veterinary care of ruminants, pigs, rabbits and poultry under intensive, semiintensive and extensive systems of management from birth to slaughter.
7. Animal Health

a. Animal diseases (pathology)

i. Environmental factors predisposing animals to diseases; causal organisms, symptoms, transmission and effects.

ii. Preventive and curative methods for diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa.

b. Parasites (parasitology)

i. Life cycles and economic importance of livestock parasites e.g. endoparasites, ectoparasites and disease vectors.

ii. Prevention and control

- dipping

- spraying

- deworming

- sanitation

8. Fisheries and Wildlife

a. Fish culture systems; Common types of fishes e. g Tilapia, Catfish, etc.

i. Extensive systems: inland and deep sea fishing, lakes and rivers.

ii. Semi-intensive systems: dams

iii. Intensive systems: fish ponds –Factors to consider in ponds establishment and pond management e.g. pond fertilization, liming and desilting.

b. Fish harvesting and processing methods

i. Use of drag nets, hook and line, etc.

ii. Curing, sun-drying and smoking.

iii. Fishery regulations

c. Wildlife management Habitat conservation, feeding, domestication, harvesting, processing and wildlife regulations.

9. Bee-keeping (Apiculture)

a. Meaning and importance of apiculture

b. Types of bees e.g exotic and indigenous bees

c. Methods of bee- and selection: Breeding systems – inbreeding, line-breeding, cross-breeding, artificial insemination

D. Agricultural Economics and Extension

1. Factors of agricultural production

a. Land 

i. Types of land ownership in West Africa

b. Labour

c. Capital

d. Management

2. Basic Economic Principles

a. Demand and supply

b. Production function:

Input/input, Output/output

Input/output relationships; stages of production, concepts of diminishing returns, scale of preference and choice.

3. Features of Agricultural Production

Smallness of farm holdings: biological limits of farm production and susceptibility of farm production to climate, seasonality of farm productions, price elasticity in demand and supply of agricultural produce.

4. Labour Management

a. Labour relations: Supervision, etc.

b. Types of labour: Permanent labour etc.

c. National labour laws and regulations.

5. Farm Management

a. Qualities, functions and problems of a farm manager.

b. Records and record-keeping: Types and importance of record-keeping – livestock records, profit and loss account book.

c. Stock evaluation:

i. gross and net profits in farm management.

ii. Appreciation, depreciation and savage value

d. Agricultural insurance:

i. Meaning, importance and types of agricultural insurance

ii. Problems of agricultural insurance

6. Marketing of Agricultural Produce

a. Importance of Marketing.

b. Marketing channels.

c. Characteristics of agricultural products affecting their marketing.

7. Agricultural Extension

a. Meaning and importance.

b. The role of Agricultural Development programmes, universities, research institutes and farmers’ organizations (Cooperative societies).

c. Extension methods including demonstration plots, use of visual aids, mass media, etc.

d. Problems of agricultural extension in West Africa and possible solutions.

E. Agricultural Technology

1. Farm surveying and farmstead planning

a. Meaning and importance   

b. Common surveying equipment, their uses and care

c. Common survey methods

d. Principles of farmstead outlay.

2. Simple farm tools
3. Farm machinery and implements

a. Types

i. Machinery e.g tractor, milking machine etc

ii. Implements

b. Uses and maintenance of farm machineryand implements

4. Mechanization and sources of farm power

a. Sources of farm power e. g. animal and machines

b. Advantages and disadvantages of agricultural mechanization

c. Problems and prospects of mechanized agriculture in West Africa

5. Processing and storage

a. Processing: traditional and modern methods of food processing e.g. gari, rice and groundnut processing, etc.

b. Storage

6. Introduction to biotechnology

Basic terms, e.g. tissue and anther culture in vitro fertilization and genetic engineering

7. Application of ICT in agriculture

a. Features of computers

b. Uses of computers in agriculture: disease and weather forecasting, ration formulation, database and simulation studies, etc.

c. Use of communication gadgets e.g mobile phone, internet, etc.

8. Introduction to agricultural research and statistics

a. Basic concepts in planning agricultural experiments e.g. hypothesis, treatment and control, etc.

b. Interpretation of results, e.g. measures of central tendency and experimental errors.


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Akinsanmi, O. (2000) Junior Secondary Agricultural Science, Uk: Longman.

Akinsanmi, O. (2000) Senior Secondary Agricultural Science, Uk: Longman.

Anthonio, Q. B. O. (1999) General Agriculture for West Africa, London: George Allen

Are, L. A. et al (2010) Comprehensive Certificate Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools, University Press Plc.

Egbuna, C. K. et al (2014) Extension Modern Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools (2010), Extension Publication

Emmanuel C. A. (2003) A Dictionary of Agriculture, Benue: Agitab Publisher Makurdi

Falusi, A. O. and Adeleye, I. O. A (2000) Agricultural Science for Junior Secondary Schools Books 1- 3, Ibadan: Onibonoje

Komolafe, M. F., Adegbola, A. A., Are, L. A. and Ashaye, T. I. (2004) Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools 1, 2 and 3, Ibadan: University Press Ltd.

Philips T. A. (1986) Agricultural Notebook, Lagos: Longman

STAN (1999) Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools, Lagos: Longman



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